Head Lice Facts

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We all have opinions about "head lice facts and myths" some very interesting opinions I must say... perceived, misconceptions about head lice...always leaves room for a healthy debate.

So, it is a worry when you read or hear stories pertaining to the resistance that head lice may have to chemicals in products. Or that nothing works any-more! What you are hearing is sheer frustration from many who have just had enough of head lice, and really don't have a clue about what they are up against!

So hang in there, know why your child gets head lice every time and know how to get rid of head lice and what you can do as a parent or guardian to prevent another head lice infestation.

Basic knowledgeable head lice facts something all parents and guardians should have tucked away somewhere to refer to now and again.

I know, I hear you saying, 'I have read this all before' aarrggh! If you still have head lice, stick around, browse around this site and I guarantee you will be pleasantly surprised. A good dose of patience, is what is needed when tackling these little pests.

Head Lice

  • Are tiny little insects 1-3mm long
  • Usually light or dark brown in colour
  • Have six legs that have claws that do not bend

These are the live bugs that run around the head and scalp.

These are the live bugs that fornicate and lay little communities in your head or your kid's head.

These are the bugs that start the life-cycle over and over again!

The Eggs

The product of all the fornication that "live bugs" engage in;

  • Eggs and Nits look like tiny little specks of dandruff glued firmly to strands of hair
  • Are laid close to the scalp
  • Contain only one embryo. So no chance of twins or triplets here


  • Are the eggs that have already hatched and are more than 1cm away from the scalp
  • Are the empty case's left behind after the egg has hatched. These do not pose a threat or problem to you or your child.

Head lice are the bugs that run around the head. They can be found on the heads of humans and chimpanzees. They need food and warmth to survive, making the human head an ideal place to live and breed.

How Do You Get Head Lice?

  • Hair brushes used by another who has an infestation.
  • Hats, scarves, hair ties, head bands and most hair accessories.
  • Head lice are spread easily through close head to head contact or using items that have come in contact with the head of an infested person.
  • Because of their social behaviour girls are usually more likely to become infested or pass head lice from one head to the next head. Girls would engage more in cuddles, hugs, sharing of hair accessories, and clothing to their besties....

4 Head lice facts

Who Can Get It?

  • Anyone can get head lice, from adults to babies.
  • Children between the ages of 3yrs - 12yrs are the main targets. Why?... because children of these ages are a lot more socially interactive....
  • Anyone who has a clean head or a dirty head, curly hair or straight hair, long hair or short hair....
  • European, Australian, African American, Aborigine, Asian, Indian, all ethnic groups are targets, if I missed your culture I do apologise. How-ever, head lice do not discriminate, they cannot tell the difference.

A true fact, head lice feed on blood from the scalp the condition of the hair and scalp, the length and type of the hair including ethnicity does not make a difference at all.

4 Signs

Your Child Has Head Lice

  1. Constant scratching of the head and neck is usually the first sign.
  2. Small red dots behind the ears and on the nape of the neck.
  3. On strands of hair, close to the scalp, tiny little specks close together that may look like dandruff. More noticeable in dark hair near the ears.
  4. When your child complains about an itchy head, take notice, he/she may well be feeling overwhelmed and stressed.

4 Reasons

Why It Is, Important To Treat Head Lice Infestations

  1. Children who scratch a lot will find it hard to concentrate on what they are doing, including home work or studies in the classroom.
  2. Persistent scratching of the head can lead to skin infections and sores.
  3. Untreated skin infections create the perfect haven for head lice to conceal themselves and continue to breed.
  4. Head lice facts, will indicate that head lice will not go away without some form of treatment!

Head lice facts

4 Effective Steps To Treat Head Lice
When one person is infested with lice, it is recommended that everyone living in the same house be treated at the same time, even, if they do not show signs of having head lice.


I would recommend this method for any hair type, to safely and effectively remove an infestation of head lice and eggs.

  1. Wet hair and apply hair conditioner, to the whole head, massage into the scalp, paying attention to the nape of the neck and behind the ears. Wrap head with a shower cap and leave for 10 mins.
  2. Brush hair out, and taking small sections of hair, comb through with a nit comb, from the scalp to the ends of the hair, wiping off excess, onto a clean tissue each time. Continue with this until the entire head has been combed through. Rinse off with warm water and towel dry.
  3. Repeat steps 1-2 every 3 days until lice are gone.
  4. In between treatments, use a repellant every day your child is at school, or around others. Continue to use a repellant

4 Ways

To Prevent Head Lice

It is impossible to prevent head lice entirely because it is such a common problem within schools and the community, but, as a parent/guardian, you can be vigilant with your own child and ensure that these prevention tips are part of your maintenance program for your family.

  1. Use of a repellent each day that your child is at school or around other children is a must. This is one of the main head lice facts that should not be overlooked as it is also a preventative measure.
  2. Brush hair each morning and before bedtime. Bending the head forward, with hair hanging down, brush the hair from the nape of the neck forward.
  3. Ensure that your child's hair is secure and braided while at school or anytime they are with other children.
  4. Do not share brushes, combs and hair accessories with others. It is recommended that each child has his/her own hair brush/comb.

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